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Distribution of income by source (percentage of all income in 2017)

COVID-19Income inequalityInequalityComponents of income

Of the main parts of income, social security skews towards low-income households, investment income to high-income households, and earnings from employment to middle-income households.

This chart compares the degree to which each income component is skewed towards higher- or lower-income households. In 2017-18, before the recession:

* 65% of investment income went to the highest 20% income group, who paid 58% of personal income tax;
* 89% of labour earnings and 79% of self-employment earnings went to the highest 60%.
* 72% of social security payments went to the lowest 40% of households by income

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